2. Technical Standard Consultancy:

2.1 R2 – Responsible Recycling of Electronics:

The Responsible Recycler Practices Standard, or R2 Standard, was developed by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in cooperation with major stakeholders and recyclers in the electronics industry. It describes best practices that go beyond legal compliance and calls for the responsible management of materials throughout the entire recycling process.

R2 is the leading standard for electronics repair and recycling, The R2 Standard provides a common set of processes, safety measures, and documentation requirements for businesses that repair and recycle used electronics. R2 is rigorously and independently audited, emphasizing quality, safety, and transparency. More than 800 facilities are currently R2 certified in 31 countries, with more added every day.

The R2:2013 Standard is the latest version of R2, the electronics recycling industry's leading certification. Each provision of the R2 Standard is designed to help ensure the quality, transparency, and environmental and social responsibility, of R2 Certified electronics recycling facilities.

2.2 SEDEX - Supplier Ethical Data Exchange

SEDEX is one of the world's leading ethical trade membership organization, working with businesses to improve working conditions in global supply chains. We provide an online platform, tools and services to help businesses operate responsibly and sustainably, protect workers and source ethically.

The Supplier Ethical Data Exchange (SEDEX) was officially launched in 2004. Very simply, it aims to help improve the effectiveness of buying companies' ethical trade strategies by offering a facility for supplier companies to share their audits with multiple customers. ... But SEDEX divides the ethical trading community.

SEDEX believe businesses can be leaders for making positive social and environmental impacts and improving the standard of working conditions for people working in global supply chains.

Consumers and investors are becoming increasingly mindful of the ethical creation and sustainability of a product. Companies have a responsibility to incorporate social, environmental and ethical operations in their business, taking responsibility for the entire life cycle of products and protect the rights of workers during the production process.

The complexity of multi-tiered supply chains can make it difficult for companies to be aware of or understand the potential risks that may be affecting their business and their suppliers. To source responsibly, a business needs to be able to trace a product or service through each stage of their supply chain, and work with their business and suppliers to ensure working conditions are fair, and environmental practices are sustainable.

2.3 WRAP – Worldwide Responsible Accredited Productions

Worldwide Responsible Accredited Production (WRAP) is the world’s largest factory-based certification programme for manufacturers of sewn products such as apparel, footwear and accessories. The WRAP programme certifies facilities for compliance to the 12 WRAP Principles, which assure safe and healthy, lawful, humane and ethical manufacturing processes throughout the world.

These 12 Principles consist of compliance with laws and workplace regulations, prohibition of forced labour, prohibition of child labour, prohibition of harassment or abuse, compensation and benefits as required by law, hours of work as limited by law, prohibition of discrimination, health and safety, freedom of association and collective bargaining, environment, customs compliance, and security. The WRAP programme certificate demonstrates commitment towards socially and environmentally ethical standards and represents responsible production.

2.4 BRCGS – British Retail Consortium Global Standards

British Retail Consortium (BRC) Global Standards is a market-leading global brand that helps build confidence in the supply chain.
British Retail Consortium (BRC) Global Standards specify safety, quality and operational criteria for food producers and suppliers. Their Global Standards for Food Safety, Packaging and Packaging Materials, Storage and Distribution, Consumer Products, Agents and Brokers, Retail, and Gluten Free set the benchmark for good manufacturing practice, and help provide assurance to customers that your products are safe, legal and of high quality.

BRCGS maintains multiple food safety standards for various verticals of food safety and security. BRCGS also maintains the database of their registered Consultants, Certification Providers, Training Providers and certified Clients all over the globe.

BRC Global Standards deliver confidence across the entire supply chain by guaranteeing the standardisation of quality, safety and operational principles. By setting the benchmark for excellent manufacturing practice, they provide assurance to customers that products are safe, legal and of high quality.

2.5 GRI –Global Reporting Initiative

The GRI Sustainability Reporting Standards (GRI Standards) are the first and most widely adopted global standards for sustainability reporting. Since GRI’s inception in 1997, GRI has transformed it from a niche practice to one now adopted by a growing majority of organizations. In fact, 93% of the world’s largest 250 corporations report on their sustainability performance.

The practice of disclosing sustainability information inspires accountability, helps identify and manage risks, and enables organizations to seize new opportunities. Reporting with the GRI Standards supports companies, public and private, large and small, protect the environment and improve society, while at the same time thriving economically by improving governance and stakeholder relations, enhancing reputations and building trust.

GRI works with the largest companies in the world as a force for positive change – companies with revenues larger than the GDPs of entire countries and supply chains that stretch the globe. As a result, the impact of GRI work on social well-being, through better jobs, less environmental damage, access to clean water, less child and forced labor, and gender equality has enormous scale.

2.6 SA 8000 – Social Accountability

The Social Accountability 8000 (SA8000®) standard is governed by Social Accountability International (SAI) and overseen by Social Accountability Accreditation Services (SAAS). It is the first globally recognised social compliance standard available for certification. Dedicated to improving working conditions, SA8000® is applicable to all companies regardless of scale, industry and location.

SA8000® is based on the conventions of the International Labor Organization, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. The standard addresses a wide variety of issues including child labour, forced labour, health and safety, freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining, discrimination, disciplinary practices, working hours, remuneration, and management systems such as supply chain monitoring systems, external communication and other policies.

2.7 FSC – Forest Stewardship Council

The Forest Stewardship Council™ (FSC) is a nonprofit organisation that set standards for forestry practices with the aim of promoting environmentally responsible and socially beneficial forestry. Wood products such as furniture can be labelled as FSC certified if they meet the high standards set by the organisation.

To be certified, the flow of the wood material – from the forest to the customer – must be monitored to demonstrate its origins. This evidence is known as Chain of Custody (CoC).

2.8 OEKO – TEX Standard 100

OEKO-TEX® consists of 18 independent research and test institutes in the field of textile and leather ecology in Europe and Japan with contact offices in more than 60 countries. The partner institutes have joint responsibility for the development of test methods and limit values which form the basis for the standards.

The independent OEKO-TEX® partner institutes are entitled to conduct appropriate laboratory tests or company audits in accordance with worldwide standardized guidelines. These comprehensive product and process tests guarantee risk management, consumer and environmental protection, as well as legal conformity.

2.9 EFQM – European Foundation for Quality Management

The EFQM excellence model is a non-prescriptive business excellence framework for organizational management, promoted by the EFQM and designed to help organizations to become more competitive.

The EFQM Model is a globally-recognised management framework which allows organizations to achieve success by measuring where they are on the path towards transformation, helping them understand the gaps and possible solutions available, and empowering them to progress and significantly improve their organizations.